Oliver Parkinson

Staging a Hyper Real Italian Market | Turin, Italy | Unit 21 | 2018

 
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Turin is one of the Italian cities that, over the course of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, has seen the most significant demographic, social, and cultural changes linked to the arrival of foreign populations. After World War II, with the development of large factories, Turin witnessed the arrival of hundreds of thousands of workers from poorer, mainly southern Italian regions; from the 1980s onwards, with the Post-Fordist transformation, immigrants arrived from around the world, the majority of them from Eastern Europe and Northern Africa. Often these new immigrants have gone to live and work in the same neighbourhoods that had welcomed immigrants from Southern Italy 50 years earlier, although this process did not occur in the same way and with the same results in all of the city’s neighbourhoods.
The inherent migration patterns found in Turin has resulted in segregated neighbourhoods that bare witness to a tradition of movement and settlement by Moroccan, Romanian and Chinese communities. Regardless of the Industrial collapse these areas retain appeal and have built new historical layer. My site borders two of these neighbourhoods: Barriera Di Milano and Aurora in a disused Fiat Factory site. The aim of the project is to bridge these communities by opening up the block to an idealized (Hyper) Italian food market, one that is staged to resemble elements of the neighbouring Palazzo. Layering these fragments across the site will generate intermediate space, which will house a multi-purpose community hall, events space, police station (governs the public market). Much needed public open space will interweave and pour into this multi-program proposition. The contemporary interpretations of these key set pieces will provide both staged and physical amenity to the market users. As the development expands user groups will begin to take ownership and adapt these typologies accordingly. All of the elements have a day and night condition, which keeps the space active throughout the day. The edges, gaps and peripheries that these create are given over to the inhabitants questioning lines of ownership and authority around a constantly shifting landscape.

 

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Through mapping the layouts of markets across the city of Turin, it is possible to identify a constantly shifting grid of repeated construction and Deconstruction. With this in mind, I focused my investigations on the largest of Turin markets: Porta Palazzo through the lens of American Anthropologist Rachel Black I observed both its physical and social interplay between marginalized communities .

 

Here key rituals emerged between the migrant and native residents. These intersections played within an ever changing construction, one that is in constant flux. By tracking exchanges and communications between vendors and the public illuminated the markets influence at city scale as well as local. I began to construct these narratives in the form of stage sets. Compiling specific viewpoints and scenes across the site developed a language of stereographic representation. Unpicking and decoding these constructed scenes and environments has created a set of rules and actions.

 

Strategy
Specific fragments of Porta Palazzo identified stage a typical Italian Market scene. These layers have been re- appropriated across the site, creating scenes reminiscent of the neighbouring markets across the city.

 

 

 

 

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